We believe the following statements are facts. Understanding them should help any driver operate a vehicle in winter conditions with greater safety and security.
Vehicles, roads & friction
“Traction” is taken for granted when operating modern vehicles under normal driving conditions, even if the road surface is wet. They simply go, stop and corner as we expect them to.
Traction results from the points of contact between the vehicle and the road surface. Rubber tires produce traction through fiction when the rubber makes contact with hard, paved surfaces. A combination of constantly improving compounds and tread designs have made modern all-season radials remarkably effective at producing this friction on wet or dry roads.
When snow or ice cover the roadway, traction can’t be taken for granted anymore because the tires are prevented from making contact with the pavement, and contact between rubber and ice crystals doesn’t produce much friction
Anti-lock brakes (ABS), all-wheel drive (AWD) and traction control systems manage the speed of the wheel (relative to the road surface) to maximize friction. ABS won’t allow tires to “lock-up” during braking and traction control won’t allow the driven tires to “spin” under power, but both types of systems are dependent on the amount of traction that’s available to be managed in the first place.
Using leverage instead of friction
The most effective way of producing traction on ice and snow-covered roads is leverage. In other words, the tire (or something firmly attached to the tire) must penetrate the frozen surface so that the rotation of the tires can influence the direction and speed of the vehicle.
Snow tires (or even all-season radials) can work well in new or “powdery” snow because rubber is harder than snow and the aggressive tread is capable of penetrating the surface.
On hard-packed snow or ice, conventional snow tires do not give much useable traction because they can’t penetrate the surface. In this case, “studded” snow tires will work noticeably better than tires without studs.
All-season radial tires equipped with any of Peerless Industrial Group, Inc.’s winter traction products will produce more traction on ice or snow-covered roads than any snow tire or studded snow tire. This is simply because the steel crossmembers penetrate the frozen surface deeper and wider than any type of snow tire, producing more leverage.
Winter driving safety
The most difficult and dangerous aspects of winter driving are braking and cornering. Nearly any modern passenger vehicle can “go” on snowy roads; it’s the inability to maintain control while braking and cornering that causes most accidents and injuries.
Any vehicle equipped with Peerless Industrial Group, Inc. winter traction products will be capable of greater performance on ice and snow-covered roads than it would be if it were not so equipped. This includes vehicles equipped with studded snow tires, all-wheel drive (AWD), anti-lock brakes (ABS) or any type of traction control system.
Control will always be better with traction products mounted on ALL tires than it will be if they are only mounted on some of the tires.